A motion that pulls away from the midline of the body.
Achilles tendon (heel cord)
A tendon that connects muscle to bone and stretches from the bones of your heel to your calf muscles.
A motion that pulls toward the midline of the body.
Abduction dorsiflexion mechanism.
Anterior tibialus tendon transfer.
Having a short, fat, or swollen foot, rigid equinus, short and hyperextended (points up) first toe, a crease across the sole of the foot and a deep crease above the heel, heel area is rigidly tilted inward, foot rigidly flexed downward and the heel cord is very tight, wide and long, calf muscle is very small and bunched under the back of the knee.
Both feet are affected.
Botox may be injected in to the calf muscle to weaken the Achilles tendon so that full correction of the clubfoot can be achieved.
Abnormally high or exaggerated arch of the foot.
Custom foot orthotics.
Present at birth.
Congenital Talipes Equinovarus (congenital-present at birth, Talipes-foot and ankle, Equino-foot pointing down, Varus-heel turning inward).
Dynamic ankle-foot orthosis.
Provides an additional method of assessing each component of the clubfoot deformity.
Flexing the foot in an upward position.
Device used to help to stretch the Achilles tendon and calf muscles.
Dynamic torsional knee ankle foot orthosis
Dr. Ignacio Ponseti
(1914-2009) Dr. Ponseti developed a non-surgical method of correcting clubfoot in infants through gentle manipulation of the feet.
A dressing used for the treatment of lightly to moderately draining pressure sores and wounds.
Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) involves the use of a device which transmits an electrical impulse to the skin by way of electrodes.
Upward bending motion of the ankle joint is limited (foot pointing down).
Turning outwardly or away from the midline of the body.
French Functional Method
Daily manipulation and stretching of the foot, stimulation of underactive muscles and strapping of the foot to hold it in position, all carried out by a physiotherapist.
The exact cause is unknown.
Toward the midline of the body.
Knee-ankle foot orthosis.
To stretch and loosen tight structures.
A non-profit organization based in North Carolina that helps to increase access to proper treatment for children born with clubfoot in developing countries. (www.miraclefeet.org)
Helps to prevent sores/friction, self-adhesive, cut to size, thicker than moleskin.
Helps prevent blisters, self-stick adhesive, can be cut to any size.
Decrease in the mass of the muscle.
Primary medical clinician responsible for the prescription, manufacture and management of orthoses.
Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgeon
Evaluate and treat musculoskeletal (bone, joint, or muscle) problems in a child.
Plantar flexion stop.
Ponseti International Association (www.ponseti.info).
A tool used for assessing the severity of each of the components of a clubfoot.
Flexing the foot downward.
Posteromedial release surgery.
The study, diagnosis, and medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle and lower extremity.
“Pringles” they attach to the middle strap of the Mitchell boots to provide additional relief from pressure areas.
Inward roll of the foot during normal motion.
Reverting back to its original state.
Provide care to children with neuromusculoskeletal conditions, burn injuries and other special healthcare needs without regard to race, color, creed, sex or sect, disability, national origin or ability of a patient or family to pay.
Supra malleolar orthosis.
The outward roll of the foot during normal motion.
The Latin word compounded from talus (ankle) + pes (foot).
Tendon release, tendon lengthening, heel cord release, the division of the Achilles tendon.
A manipulative technique that corrects congenital clubfoot without invasive surgery.
One foot is affected.
Bent or twisted inward.
The talus bone has formed in the wrong position and other foot bones to the front of the talus have shifted on top of it. The front of the foot points up and may even rest against the front of the shin.